A tananyagról ❖ About the resource
Welcome to our grammar-based skills development lesson! 😊
In this package of resources we'll focus on the present tense, definite conjugation. By going through the materials in this package, you'll be able to learn about the difference between indefinite and definite conjugation and the conjugation of verbs in present tense, definite form step-by-step and solve loads of grammar tasks, and you'll also get a chance to improve your listening, reading and writing skills while focusing on the present tense conjugation (indefinite and definite) in context. Before taking this lesson, make sure you know the rules of present tense, indefinite conjugation. In case you haven't learnt about the indefinite conjugation yet, take a look at our package here: https://study.hungarize.com/p/present-indefinite . Let's see the structure of the package with some samples.
First you can listen to and read 6 introductory dialogues with interactive text. The difficult words are highlighted: roll your mouse over the words in blue to see their translation. All examples for present tense, definite conjugation are underlined to draw your focus to the grammar. Click on the audio button to listen to the dialogue, and click on the information button to see the full English translation of the dialogue.
Once you have listened to and read all the dialogues and saw the grammar in context, we'll explain you the grammar rules step by step. We'll take loads of examples from the dialogues to show you the rules in action. Here are some extracts from the chapter where we explain the difference between indefinite and definite conjugation. As you can see, all examples were taken from the introductory dialogues:
Indefinite vs. definite conjugation - explanation
Hungarian verb conjugation doesn’t operate with a lot of tenses: we basically use a present and a past tense form of verbs. Our verb conjugation system, however, has some unique features you need to be aware of.
Whenever you want to conjugate a verb you need to decide which conjugation to use: the indefinite or the definite conjugation. Learners often meet the indefinite conjugation early on, because it works with simple verbs like ‘beszél’ (speak), ‘él’ (live), “sétál” (walk), “találkozik” (meet). These verbs are intransitive, which means they do not take a direct object in the sentence. When there is no object with accusative in the sentence, we use the indefinite conjugation.
- Imádok úszni. = I love swimming. (Dialogue #2)
- Akkor a fürdőbe megyünk és utána borozunk egy borozóban. = Then we’ll go to the bath and we’ll drink wine in a wine bar. (Dialogue #1)
- Tanulok a holnapi magyarórára. = I’m learning for tomorrow’s Hungarian class. (Dialogue #3)
- Miért tanulok én magyarul? = Why am I learning Hungarian? (Dialogue #3)
(see the full explanation in lesson 1)
What are definite objects?
1) There is a definite article (“a” or “az”) before the object:
- Utálom a filmeket. = I hate movies. (Dialogue #1)
- Szereted a magyar borokat? = Do you like Hungarian wines? (Dialogue #1)
- Öt cukorral iszod a kávét?? = Do you drink coffee with five (spoons / cubes of) sugar? (Dialogue #2)
- A határozott ragozást tanuljuk. = We are learning the definite conjugation. (Dialogue #4)
2) The object has a possessive ending:
- A Trónok harca új részét nézzük. = We are watching the new episode of Game of Thrones. (Dialogue #2)
- Hozom a kávémat. = I'll bring my coffee. (Dialogue #2)
- J.K. Rowling krimijét olvasom. = I'm reading J.K. Rowling's crime story. (Dialogue #3)
3) The object is a demonstrative pronoun (“ezt”, “azt”, “ezeket”, “azokat”):
- Azt látom. = I can see that. (Dialogue #3)
- Miért azt olvasod? = Why are you reading that? (Dialogue #3)
- Ezt a mondatot nem értem. = I don't understand this sentence. (Dialogue #4)
4) The object is a proper noun:
- Szereted J.K. Rowlingot? = Do you like J.K. Rowling? (Dialogue #3)
(see the full explanation in lesson 1)
After each grammar explanation, you'll find at least 3 grammar practice tasks. For example you can find this task in Lesson 1:
1.Helyezd a tárgyakat a megfelelő csoportokba! ❖ Place the direct objects in the appropriate group.
Once we have explained all the rules and had plenty of opportunity to practice them, we'll work on skills development and bring grammar back to context. You can find 2 sets of skills development tasks, with 6-9 tasks in each. In the first set of tasks, you can listen to a woman talking about some family photos:
First, you'll have to match the recordings with the photos. Here's one for example:
After solving some comprehension-check questions, we'll focus on grammar again. In the first task you'll need to choose the correct verb, in the second task you'll have to complete the text with the missing verbs, and then you'll need to complete an interview with Anna. Finally, you can practice writing by answering some questions in connection with Anna's photos.
Here's an example from the second task:
In the second set of skills development tasks you can read and listen to 4 people talking about some bad habits they have and how they'd like to change them. First you'll need to listen to the texts and compete them with the missing object, and then solve some comprehension-check questions. Here's Peti's text for example:
After solving the comprehension-check tasks, we'll focus on grammar again with 3 tasks: in the first you'll need to decide whether the object is indefinite or definite, then you'll have to complete a magazine article about the 4 people, and finally you'll have to complete a discussion between a couple who have just read the magazine article in the previous task. You can find a short extract from this task below. And finally, you'll need to tell us in writing whether the 4 bad habits mentioned above are familiar to you.
We hope you'll enjoy learning from our grammar-based skills development package! Let us know if you have any questions.
Barbi & Eszter